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It also demands a comprehensive report from the UN Secretary General on implementation and strategies for improving information flow to the Security Council; and adoption of concrete protection and prevention measures to end sexual violence.

Resolutions 13, and CEDAW share the following agenda on women's human rights and gender equality: A General Comment from the CEDAW committee could strengthen women’s advocacy for the full implementation of Resolutions 13 at the country and community levels.

Resolution 1325 is an international law unanimously adopted by the Security Council that mandates UN Member States to engage women in all aspects of peace building including ensuring women's participation on all levels of decision–making on peace and security issues.

Resolution 1820 links sexual violence as a tactic of war with the maintenance of international peace and security.

Over fifty countries that have ratified the Convention have done so subject to certain declarations, reservations, and objections, including 38 countries who rejected the enforcement article 29, which addresses means of settlement for disputes concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention.

Australia's declaration noted the limitations on central government power resulting from its federal constitutional system.

Conversely, CEDAW’s relevance to conflict-affected areas will be underscored further by the two Resolutions.

In other words, all three international instruments will reinforce each other and be much more effective if used together in leveraging women’s human rights.

Women are still underrepresented, if not totally absent, in most official peace negotiations and sexual violence in peacetime and in conflict continue to increase.

Several regional and international meetings including the High Level Seminar “1325 in 2020: Looking Forward…Looking Back,” organized by the African Center for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes, and the “Stockholm International Conference 10 years with 1325 – What now?

” called for the use of CEDAW to improve 1325 implementation.

The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women was formed on 3 September 1981 after the CEDAW received the 20 ratifications required for it to enter into force. The committee also holds pre-sessional work groups to discuss the issues and questions that the committee should deal with during the following session.

Article 17 of the CEDAW established the committee in order to ensure that the provisions of the CEDAW were followed by the countries that had signed and agreed to be bound by it. Under article 18 of the CEDAW states must report to the committee on the progress they have made in implementing the CEDAW within their state.


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